Kofukuji was a temple for the family of Fujiwara.
Yamashinadera Temple, the origin of Kofukuji Temple, was built by his wife when Fujiwara no Kamatari was seriously ill.
It became big with Mr. Fujiwara's prosperity, and became smaller as Mr. Fujiwara's strength declined, and it became just before destruction when the movement of Haibutsu Kishaku.
[ History of Kofukuji Temple in Nara ]
The origin of Kofukuji Temple is the Yamashinadera Temple that was in Yamashiro country(present southern part of Kyoto Prefecture.).
When Kamatari Nakatomi-no (Kamatari Fujiwara-no on the day before death) is seriously ill, Yamashinadera Temple was built in 669 to pray for his recovery of his illness by his wife.
(Kamatari Nakatomi-no is a meritorious person who regained back the administration from the Soga family to the Emperor.)
When the capital was transferred to Asuka in 673, Yamashinadera Temple also moved to its vicinity.
(Asuka was a part of the current Asuka village.)
And it came to be called Umayasakadera Temple according to the place name.
Kamatari Fujiwara-no had an excellent son named Fuhito.
Fuhito was also active for Emperor.
In 710 the capital was transferred to Heijo-Kyo.
(Heijo - kyo was part of the present Nara city and part of Yamatokoriyama city.)
In accordance with this, Umayasakadera Temple also moved to the present place and became the name Kofukuji.
Fuhito died in 720.
Kofukuji Temple was family temple of Fujiwara, but the Emperor built Nan'endo Hall for memorial.
After that, Fujiwara family had power as an aide of the Emperor even after the capital moved to Kyoto.
And the power of Kofukuji Temple became bigger.
Syncretism of Shinto and Buddhism was advanced from around the year 1000.
Kofukuji Temple also began to be operated together with Kasuga Taisha Shrine.
The power of Kofukuji tempered a little when politics came to be carried out by samurai since around 1600.
In the Meiji era the government separated Shinto and Buddhism.
(It is from 1868 to 1912 in the Meiji era.)
Haibutsu Kishaku (a movement to abolish Buddhism) was started.
Temples in various places were destroyed.
Kofukuji Temple was also in danger of survival.
Since around 1900 the national cultural property protection policy began, Kofukuji Temple was able to escape the destruction.
[ Current structures of Kofukuji Temple ]
Currently, Kofukuji has mainly the following structures.
Because there are not many fences in the Kofukuji Temple and there are no gates, you can see the structures' appearance at any time.
However, it is usually Tokondo Hall and National Treasure Hall that can enter the structures.
<Chukondo Hall (rebuilding)>
Chukondo Hall is undergoing rebuilding now.
The hall is completed in October, and ceremonies will be held here.
The following statues are enshrined in the Tokondo Hall.
Yakushi Nyorai, Nikko Bosatsu, Gekko Bosatsu, Monju Bosatsu, Yuimakoji, Shitenno (Four guardian kings), Junishinsho(twelve divine generals)
The following statues are enshrined in the Hokuendo Hall.
Miroku Nyorai, Hoorin, Daimyoso Bosatsu, Mujaku, Seshin Bosatsu, Shitenno (Four guardian kings)
The following statues are enshrined in the Nan'endo Hall.
Fukukensaku Kannon Bosatsu, Hosorukuzazo, Shitenno (Four guardian kings)
The following statues are enshrined in the Gojunoto Pagoda.
Yakushisanzon, Shakasanzon, Amidasanzon, Mirokusanzon
The following statues are enshrined in the Sanjunoto Pagada.
The following statues are enshrined in the Hitokoto-Kannondo Hall.
The following statues are enshrined in the Fudodo Hall.
<The Kohfukuji National Treasure Hall>
The following statues are enshrined in the Kohfukuji National Treasure Hall.
Shenjyu Kannon Bosatsu and many other images
<Temporary Kodo Hall>
The following statues are enshrined in the Temporary Kodo Hall.
Amida Nyorai, Yakushi Nyorai, Jizo Bosatsu, Bonten
<Oyuya Bath House>
It was a bath for priests and monks.
<Office of the temple>
<Bodaiin Omido Hall>
The following statues are enshrined in Bodaiin Omido Hall.
Amida Nyorai, Fukukensaku Kannon Bosatsu, Chigo Kannon Bosatsu
(July 27, 2018)